Monopolizing death: Or how to frame a government by inflating a list of the dead

Submitted bytortilla onDom, 15/07/2018 - 17:31

Enrique Hendrix, July 8th, 2018

Click here for a spreadsheet with the data
for this study updated to September 23rd 2018...


Click here for a slide presentation of this study (Spanish)

Original en Español - formato PDF (1.9Mb)  -   English translation in PDF format (1.4Mb)


(Note: all dates in this translation listed as month/day/year)

Presidential Decree No. 03-2018, "On Amendments to Decree No. 975 General Regulation of the Social Security Law" issued on April 18th, was the perfect pretext for the Opposition to initiate a series of protests that began to escalate. Four days later, in the face of acts of violence and an estimated 23 deaths, President Daniel Ortega decided, on April 22nd, to repeal the Presidential Decree that had served as a catalyst for what looked like an explosion of social unrest. In that same announcement he called for a National Dialogue as an instrument to restore the security, stability and peace of Nicaraguan families, address the situation of the Social Security system and the possible inclusion of tax reforms for discussion. He also invited Cardinal Leopoldo Brenes to participate in the National Dialogue with a delegation from the Episcopal Conference so that it would serve as guarantor and witness. However, despite the repeal of the decree that triggered the protests and despite the willingness of the Government to seek a solution through the National Dialogue, the protests continued.

 

The Human Rights organizations began their work of compiling the names of the deceased citizens within the context of the protests. Three organizations stand out: The Nicaraguan Center for Human Rights (CENIDH), the first body to pronounce itself; the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights (CIDH), whose participation was requested by the government of Nicaragua on May 13th; and the Nicaraguan Association for Human Rights (ANPDH), the body that has been most active in relation to the death list.

 

The Nicaraguan Center for Human Rights (CENIDH - founded in 1990 and of which Mrs. Vilma Núñez de Escorcia is president) has issued three reports corresponding to different time periods in the context of the protests. The First Report issued on May 4, covers April 19th to May 4th; The Second Report issued on May 17th, covers May 1st to May 15th; and the Third Report issued on June 18th, covers May 16th to June 18th. The CENIDH list is not presented as a chart or a table, but as a section within each report which is titled "Killed and wounded as a result of government repression and violence." Note that this title irresponsibly and arbitrarily asserts that the deaths are a direct consequence of the violence on the part of the Government. In the third and last report issued, it is indicated that the total of deaths is 178 citizens, however the First Report includes the names of 45 dead citizens, the Second Report 12 citizens and the Third Report 110, so that the total of the three reports is one hundred and sixty-seven (167) dead on June 18th and not 178.

 

On May 21st, the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights (CIDH – an autonomous body of the Organization of American States) presented Preliminary Observations on its working visit to Nicaragua from May 17th to 21st and in the context of the protests beginning on April 18th. Those observations did not include a list of citizens who had died in at the scene of the protests. It was not until June 22nd that the CIDH presented its Final Report on its visit to Nicaragua before the Permanent Council of the Organization of American States (OAS), a report in which the list of decedents was attached, accounting for a total of Two Hundred Twelve (212). This appendix is entitled: "List of deceased persons in Nicaragua since the beginning of the protests (April 19 - June 19, 2018)". Note the cynical euphemism of "deceased in Nicaragua since the beginning of the protests", that is, every person who died from April 19th to June 19th, promoting the decontextualization of the same, regardless of the causes and circumstances of the death of each of them and as we will indicate later.

 

On June 26, the Nicaraguan Association for Human Rights (ANPDH - founded in Miami in 1986 and of which Monsignor Abelardo Mata is president emeritus) issued a document entitled: "Preliminary Report of Nicaraguan Citizens Killed in Civic Protest as a Human Rights and Executed by Armed Groups (Paramilitary or Shock Forces) for the period: 04/19/2018 to 6/25/2018. (66 calendar days)". Note that the title shares the same editorial line of the CENIDH, affirming irresponsibly and arbitrarily that all the deaths occurred in the context of "Civic Protest" and likewise attributes their deaths to "Executions by Armed Groups (Paramilitaries or Shock Forces) ". The preliminary report of the ANPDH counted a death toll of 285.

 

It should be noted that these reports have inconsistencies and omissions in terms of names with incomplete data, inaccurate names or boxes with the indication "No Information" or "Under Investigation". This denotes the lack of disposition and a lack of ability in actual case-by-case investigation, with results limited to information gathered from journalistic sources and those accepted in complaints without no willingness to corroborate the data.

 

Deaths Decontextualized

 

A recurrent feature in the lists is the removal from context each one of the dead and adjudging them as victims of the "repression" on the part of the government. In fact, the lists include victims of traffic accidents, altercations between gangs, murders by robbery, those killed by accidental firing of a firearm and even more absurdly, a suicide. This is evidence of a campaign that, in the absence of a just cause, uses the death of every citizen as a motive to manipulate the emotions of the population in order to counterpose “the people” against “the people.”

 

It is necessary to know the set of circumstances surrounding the death of each citizen to understand whether that death has any direct or indirect relationship to the protests.

 

For the purposes of this article, we define "Death Not Directly Related to Protests" as those deaths that occurred outside the scenario of a demonstration, a confrontation involving protesters, the attack or destruction of institutional targets (or FSLN supporters), or the looting of shops.

 

The adverb "directly” is used to distinguish these deaths from those caused indirectly. As the product of the political and social destabilization imposed on the country, crime has been empowered, taking ground, directly affecting Nicaraguan society and causing deaths, which although not connected to the protests are an indirect consequence of them.

 

Therefore, efforts will be made to identify the quantities corresponding to the following variables from the death lists of the three organizations:

 

  • Repeated Names

  • Deaths Not Directly Related to Protests

  • People murdered by the Opposition

  • Protesters (protesters, opponents, opposition activists operating roadblocks...)

  • Bystanders (uninvolved in the protests)

  • Names with insufficient data to determine the context of the death

  • Deaths omitted from each list

 

Sources for the Verification of the Lists

 

The list of each report was verified name by name with information gathered from newspaper articles and press releases from the National Police. The biggest weakness is that many media outlets are diverting, omitting or manipulating information for political purposes.

 

The following web pages correspond to most of the sources used to cross-check the lists:

 

 

To verify the context in which the citizens cited in each list died, a matrix was drawn up that sought to identify the full name, photo, age, profession, place of death, reason for death, context, observations and the sources for each case. The matrix is ​​available at the following link:

 

https://drive.google.com/open?id=1wAiENa7qE_wDWV8KwYbquYEkJxeFsfQS

 

 

About the CENIDH Report…

 

CENIDH has issued three reports whose lists are not included in full in its third and most recent report, because each report refers to a specific period of time. Thus, the Third Report, covering the period from May 16th to June 18th, does not include in its list the deaths that occurred before May 16th. The information corresponding to the previous date is included in the two previous reports.

 

As for its list, from its three reports, it is possible to identify one hundred and sixty-seven (167) dead as of June 18th. The CENIDH seems to be the most prudent organization in terms of attributing to the Government responsibility for the death of these citizens because upon verification the lists were found to have few duplicated names; the reports try to provide sound information on the context of the death of each of the citizens; and few cases lack incomplete data.

 

The CENIDH list is not presented as a chart or table but as a section within each report, section entitled: "Killed and wounded as a result of government repression and violence". The names are grouped in chronological order, without reference numbers, and describe at least the full name, age, description of the context of the death and where it took place. For example:

 

May 16th

Noel Calderón Lagos, 19 years old, wounded by a bullet due to the repression at the UPOLI at dawn on May 16th. From Department of Managua.

 

Regarding the repeated names, 4 citizens were duplicated in the reports. On two occasions, the same name was mentioned in two different reports. In one case the name was incorrectly identified; and in another, a pseudonym of a citizen who had already been mentioned was added.

 

The following chart indicates the repeated names and the report which corresponds to each one on the list:

 

CENIDH - Repeated Names

Ref.

Name

Age

Date of Occurence

Location

Report 1

Nelson Téllez Huete

No information

5/02

Ciudad Sandino

Report 2

Nelson Téllez Huete

No information

5/02

Ciudad Sandino

 

 

 

 

 

Report 2

Noel Calderón Ramos

19

5/15

Managua

Report 3

Noel Calderón Lagos

19

5/16

Managua

 

 

 

 

 

Report 2

Humberto Antonio Parrales Reyes

40

5/15

Managua

Report 3

Humberto Antonio Parrales Reyes

39

5/16

Managua

 

 

 

 

 

Report 3

Donald Ariel López Áreas,

27

6/02

Monimbó

Report 3

Known as “The Monkey”

No information

6/02

Masaya

 

 

We proceed to subtract from the repeated names from the total amount of deaths (167), leaving the figure at 163 deaths.

 

From the investigation into the context of the citizens’ deaths cited by the CENIDH, it was verified that at least 19 citizens died for reasons not directly related to the protests.

 

Attempting to identify the circumstances in which these 19 citizens died, we can note:

 

  • Murder and Motorcycle/Vehicle Theft:

    • 6 citizens

  • Murder (Motivation Undetermined):

    • 3 citizens

  • Murder and Theft:

    • 2 citizens

  • Altercations among Gangs:

    • 2 citizens

  • Property Conflicts (Land Grabs):

    • 2 citizens

  • Traffic Accident:

    • 1 citizen

  • Accidental Firing of Firearm:

    • 1 citizen

  • Suicide:

    • 1 citizen

  • Murder and Robbery of a Security Guard

    • 1 citizen

 

 

CENIDH - Deaths Not Directly Related to the Protests

Ref.

Name

Age

Date of Occurence

Location

Context

Report 3

Ezequiel Rivera Hernández

31

5/16

Siuna

Murder (Motivation Undetermined)

Report 3

Bismark Enrique Chavarría

No information

5/19

Managua

Murder and Theft

Report 3

Erick William Espinoza

49

5/19

Managua

Murder and Robbery of a Security Guard

Report 3

Alejandro Tomás Hernández Estrada

17

5/26

Managua

Property Conflict (Land Grabs)

Report 3

Yader Castillo

No information

5/26

Managua

Property Conflict (Land Grabs)

Report 3

Jaime José Reyes Téllez

20

5/26

Managua

Altercation Among Gangs

Report 3

Rudy Chávez

21

5/27

Managua

Altercation Among Gangs

Report 3

Fredy Josué González

18

5/20

Managua

Murder and Motorcycle Theft

Report 3

Adolfo Enrique Castellón Arauz

27

6/02

Managua

Transit Accident

Report 3

Marvin Solórzano Salina

34

6/04

Managua

Murder and Taxi Theft

Report 3

Camilo Javier Valle Martínez

31

6/04

Managua

Murder and Motorcycle Theft

Report 3

Bismarck Badilla López

25

6/07

Carazo

Suicide

Report 3

Chris Montana

19

6/08

Managua

Murder and Motorcycle Theft

Report 3

Víctor Cabrera García

39

6/09

Managua

Murder and Motorcycle Theft

Report 3

Alejandro Enrique Cárcamo Gago

24

6/11

Managua

Accidental Firing of Firearm

Report 3

Michael Alexander López Medina

No information

6/12

Managua

Murder (Motivation Undetermined)

Report 3

Roberto Pablo Corea Chávez

19

6/12

Managua

Murder and Motorcycle Theft

Report 3

Lucas Antonio Sirias Pineda

No information

6/13

León

Murder and Theft

Report 3

Wilton Cornejo Peralta

No information

6/14

Pantasma, Jinotega

Murder (Motivation Undetermined)

 

Excluding the deaths that are not directly related to the protests, we now have a 144 out of all of the names that must be verified.

 

While carrying out the verification of the deaths, 44 comrades were identified as having been killed by the opposition. The inclusion of these names was ill-intentioned. Although in some cases the context of the death was briefly mentioned, the opposition has developed media propaganda which takes the deaths out of context in an attempt to spread the unconscious idea that the acts and responsibilities of the opposition must be assumed by the government.

 

The names of the 44 people and context in which they were murdered correspond to:

 

CENIDH – Murdered by the Opposition

Ref.

Name

Age

Date of Occurence

Location

Context

Report 1

Richard Bermúdez Pavón

17

4/19

Tipitapa

Attack on the Tipitapa Municipality building.

Report 1

Hilton Rafael Manzanares

33

4/19

Managua

National Police re-establishing order.

Report 1

Cristian Emiliano Cadena

23

4/20

León

Burned inside of the CUUN, allegedly tortured.

Report 1

Jimmy Paíz

53

4/20

León

Burned in Radio Darío event.

Report 1

Apolonio Díaz Delgadillo

No information

4/20

León

Burned in Radio Darío event.

Report 1

Ismael José Pérez Vílchez

32

4/20

Managua

Guarding a supermarket to avoid theft.

Report 1

Ángel Eduardo Gahona

43

4/21

Bluefields

Canal 6 Correspondent covering robberies.

Report 1

Juana Francisca Cano Águila

19

4/21

Managua

National Police re-establishing order.

Report 1

Roberto Carlos García Paladino

40

4/24

Managua

Guarding a supermarket to avoid theft.

Report 2

José Alfredo Urroz Jirón

30

5/16

Matagalpa

Injured on his way home. The roadblocks did not allow the ambulances to pass.

Report 2

Wilber David Reyes

22

5/15

Matagalpa

Attack on the Matagalpa Municipality building.

Report 3

Holman Eliezer Zeledón

29

5/16

Matagalpa

Murdered while helping to take down the roadblocks.

Report 3

Eduardo Spiegler

34

5/16

Managua

Crushed by a governmental ‘Tree of Life,’ which was knocked down by the opposition.

Report 3

Marlon José Orozco Largaespada

48

5/24

Managua

Murdered by people guarding the roadblocks in Iván Montenegro.

Report 3

José David Martínez Rivas

27

5/25

Managua

UNAN protesters confused him with a police and murdered him, then stole his motorcycle.

Report 3

Jorge Gastón Palacios

30

5/26

Managua

Murdered by people guarding the roadblocks in El Quebracho, Boaco.

Report 3

Keller Stiven Pérez Duarte

22

5/26

Managua

Tortured and murdered by protestors connected to El Viper; abandoned at Cuesta El Plomo.

Report 3

Douglas Mendiola

23

5/28

Managua

National Police, re-establishing order.

Report 3

Heriberto Maudiel Pérez Díaz

No information

5/30

Managua

Murdered after participating in the Cantata a Las Madres

Report 3

Kevin Antonio Cufi Reyes

No information

5/30

Managua

Murdered after participating in the Cantata a Las Madres

Report 3

Mauricio López

No information

5/30

Estelí

Guarding shops to avoid theft.

Report 3

Jairo Antonio Osorio

No information

5/30

Estelí

Attacked in the FSLN Caravan headed to Managua.

Report 3

Juan Alejandro Zepeda

18

5/30

Chinandega

Attack on the Chinandega Municipality building.

Report 3

Marvin Meléndez Linarte

49

5/30

Chinandega

Attack on the Chinandega Municipality building.

Report 3

Sixto Henry Vera

48

6/02

Managua

Murdered by Viper’s group of protesters at the UPOLI.

Report 3

Eduardo José López Mendoza

22

6/02

Masaya

Possible National Police, Member of the Intelligence Division.

Report 3

Carlos Evenor López Figueroa

22

6/02

Waslala

Injured for refusing to help put up a roadblock.

Report 3

Geovanny Mena Reyes

No information

6/02

Tipitapa

People guarding roadblocks attacked citizens.

Report 3

José Abraham Martínez

22

6/04

No information

Attack on the Masaya Delegation building.

Report 3

Salvador de Jesús Arévalo

33

6/04

Tipitapa

Murdered by people guarding roadblocks.

Report 3

César Vega López

15

6/07

Chinandega

Murdered by people guarding roadblocks.

Report 3

Dixon Bismarck Soza Enríquez

43

6/11

Mulukukú, Triángulo Minero

Attack on police post.

Report 3

Carlos José Zamora Martínez

36

6/11

Mulukukú, Triángulo Minero

Attack on police post.

Report 3

Marco Antonio González Briseño

41

6/11

Managua

National Police Patrol

Report 3

Jean Kerry Luna Gutiérrez

29

6/14

Managua

National Police Patrol

Report 3

Ulises Santiago Gogo

28

6/14

Bilwi

Attack on FSLN party building.

Report 3

Marlon Javier Médina Toval

35

6/14

León

Murdered for refusing confiscation at a roadblock, motorcycle stolen.

Report 3

Marcos Gutiérrez

No information

6/12

Jinotepe, Carazo

Confrontation between people guarding roadblocks and the police.

Report 3

Guillermo Méndez

No information

6/12

Jinotepe, Carazo

Confrontation between people guarding roadblocks and the police.

Report 3

Ariel Ignacio Vivas

No information

6/12

Managua

Murdered while collaborating to take down the roadblocks.

Report 3

Teodoro Ruíz

No information

6/13

Villa Sandino, Chontales

Murdered in his home by people guarding the roadblocks. Afterwards they stole his gun.

Report 3

Francisco Ramón Arauz Pineda

No information

6/16

No information

Murdered, burned, and his corpse vandalized for helping to take down the roadblocks.

Report 3

Antonio Fernandez

No information

6/16

No information

Murdered while collaborating to take down the roadblocks.

Report 3

Lilian Jacqueline Martínez Valerio

18

6/16

Managua

Pregnant woman died because the ambulance was retained at the roadblock.

 

Excluding the repeated names, the citizens who died for reasons not directly related to the protests and the people murdered by the opposition, the total number of deaths is reduced to 100 people.

 

The CENIDH reports contain 48 names which lack information related to the person’s age and/or where the death occurred, which reduces the credibility of the information reflected by the CENIDH. However, the verification which was carried out was able to obtain the data for 34 out of the 48 citizens with incomplete information. As for the remaining 14 in this group, little information was found about 4 people, who only appear in the CENIDH report and whose names were disclosed by the same organization. Likewise, 10 citizens were identified whose contexts of death have not been verified. That is why they appear listed as 14 Names with Incomplete Data. All of these are noted in the spreadsheet that is referred to at the beginning of this document.

 

Accounting for the people with incomplete data, the CENIDH can count just 86 people on their list of deaths, 35 of whom are considered to be citizens not involved in the protests; Nicaraguans who were just passing by and got trapped in a confrontation, victims of a bullet within the parameters of the protests, or random attacks outside of the context of the protests; and 51 citizens directly involved in the protests.

 

Omissions by the CENIDH

 

In the CENIDH reports, the deaths of 16 citizens are not included. They are excluded for unknown reasons, which hints at the organization’s lack of capacity to investigate. Of these 16 citizens, 15 were murdered by the opposition and one was not involved.

 

The citizens omitted from the list correspond to events directly related to the protests and are the following:

 

CENIDH – Citizens Omitted from the List (24 Citizens)

Name

Age

Date of Occurence

Location

Context

Abelino Guevara Obando

38

5/11

Siuna

National Police Patrol

Carlos Alberto Miranda

19

5/11

Managua

Institutional Attack on District VI

Jostán Abdel Gutiérrez Koock

26

5/13

Managua

Crashed into a governmental ‘Tree of Life’, which was knocked down by the opposition.

Pánfila Alvarado Urbina

80

5/24

Boaco

Old woman died because the ambulance couldn’t pass through the roadblocks.

Cándida Rosa Herrera Rizo

60

5/26

Managua

Run over by a truck which participated in the opposition protest.

Humberto José Reyes Almanza

64

5/29

Nandaime

Traffic accident caused by a government billboard knocked down and left in the road by the opposition.

Pablo Roberto León Torres

39

6/01

San Miguelito

Run over by a group of people guarding the roadblocks, of which he was a part of.

Franklin Javier Mercado

35

6/02

Tipitapa

Murdered by people guarding the road blocks. Possibly by Geovanny Miguel Reyes.

Kevin José Cruz Ruiz

23

6/09

Jinotepe

Traffic accident caused by the roadblocks.

Eyner Heriberto Espinoza Rugama

19

6/12

Jinotega

Murdered while helping to take down the roadblocks.

Hernaldo Sánchez Chavarría

--

6/13

Villa Sandino

Employee of Teodoro Ruiz (ref. 169), he was murdered with him.

Son of Gabriela María Aguirre

25 days old

6/13

Masatepe

Ambulance held in the roadblock. He died of bronchoaspiration.

Nixia Hawkins Posly

15

6/14

Bilwi

Attack on FSLN party building.

Jhon Warren Men

18

6/15

Bilwi

Attack on FSLN party building.

Pablo Ramos Chavarría

21

6/17

Jinotega

Murdered while helping to take down the roadblocks.

Daysi Merari Cornejo Jarquín

32

6/18

Estelí

Fell from a motorcycle while being stoned by people guarding the road blocks.

José Israel Cuadra Aguilar

49

5/14

Managua

Injured by people guarding the roadblocks on his way home.

Elías José Sánchez Cuesta

17

6/02

Masaya

Injured during the protests, in Parque San Miguel.

Victor José Reyes

28

6/12

León

Injured during the protests, near the Police Delegation.

Alberto José Urroz Cárdenas

55

6/14

Nagarote

Went to see a confrontation and died.

José Antonio Cruz Solís

29

6/18

San Marcos

Injured while passing through a roadblock.

Francisco Ponce Flores

22

5/14

Sébaco

Injured while being held up in a roadblock.

Carlos Manuel Solís

No information

5/23

León

Confrontation between people guarding roadblocks and the police.

Jorge Antonio Guerrero Rivas

20

5/30

Managua

Supposedly murdered during the Mother’s Day march. The CENIDH released a statement affirming he was alive. CIDH and ANPDH included it.

 

CENIDH: Contextualization of the Deaths / Final Results of the Verification

 

From the three CENIDH reports, which claim that the Nicaraguan government is responsible for the deaths of 167 citizens, it has been made possible to contextualize the majority of the deaths (exactly 93%, which corresponds to 153 citizens). The data for the remaining 8% (14 citizens) remains incomplete or inexact, so it has not been possible to determine the context in which they died. From this review, the following variables are identified:

 

  • Repeated Names: 4 citizens

  • Deaths Not Directly Related to the Protests: 19 citizens

  • People murdered by the Opposition: 44 citizens

  • Demonstrators (protestors, opposition activists, people operating roadblocks): 51 citizens

  • Bystanders (not involved in protests): 35 citizens

  • Names with insufficient data to determine context of deaths: 14 citizens

    • Total: 167 citizens

 

 

 

About the CIDH Report...

 

The appendix to the CIDH Final Report includes those who died during the period from April 19th to June 19th, 2018, showing a list of 212 names of people who have died since the beginning of the protests.

 

Of the inconsistencies and irregularities that were identified, it can be mentioned that there are duplicated names, decontextualized deaths and names without complete data (even one without more information than a pseudonym).

 

In relation to duplicated names, 9 repeat citizens were detected, whose names were not correctly identified in different media. Due to this inaccurate identification by the media at the time they issued the information is that some names and surnames do not agree exactly, however, upon verification it is concluded that they coincide in the same person.

 

In the following table the duplicated names are indicated by the reference number (Ref.) that corresponds to each one in the list:

 

 

CIDH - Repeated Names

Ref.

Name

Age

Date of Occurrence

Location

12

Marlon Maneses Martínez Ramírez

28

4/20

Managua

23

Marlon Maneses Ramírez Sandino

20

4/20

Ciudad Sandino

 

 

 

 

 

21

Álvaro Alberto Gómez Navarro

24

4/20

Monimbó

31

Álvaro Gómez Montalván

23

4/21

Masaya

 

 

 

 

 

37

Celso Josué Díaz Sevilla

19

4/22

Managua

55

Celso David Robles Díaz

30

4/22

Mateare

 

 

 

 

 

41

Ismael Isaías Pérez Martínez

24

4/22

Managua

42

Ismael Josué Pérez Vílchez

32

4/22

Managua

 

 

 

 

 

45

José Daniel Sánchez López

22

4/22

Managua

56

José Daniel Sánchez García

No information

4/22

No information

 

 

 

 

 

98

José David Oviedo

27

5/25

Managua

99

José David Martínez Rivas

27

5/25

Managua

 

 

 

 

 

120

Marvin Meléndez Linarte

No information

5/30

Chinandega

123

Marvin Meléndez Núñez

49

5/31

Managua

 

 

 

 

 

129

Donald Ariel López Áreas

27

6/02

Masaya

133

Known as “The Monkey"

No information

6/02

Masaya

 

 

 

 

 

110

Michael González Hernández

No information

5/30

Managua

200

Michael Cipriano Gonzáles Hernández

35

No information

Managua

 

With this data, the list is reduced to 203 people. However, while inquiring about the context in which many of the citizens listed died, it was verified that at least 27 citizens died for reasons that were not directly related to the protests.

 

Attempting to identify the circumstances in which these 27 citizens died, we can note:

 

  • Murder and Vehicle/Motorcycle Theft:

    • 6 Citizens

  • Murder (Motivation Undetermined):

    • 5 Citizens

  • Traffic Accident:

    • 2 Citizens

  • Property Conflict (Land Grabs):

    • 2 Citizens

  • Murder and Theft:

    • 2 Citizens

  • Altercation Among Gangs:

    • 3 Citizens

  • Altercation Among Relatives/Neighbors:

    • 1 Citizen

  • Home Invasion and Murder:

    • 1 Citizen

  • Accidental Firing of Firearm:

    • 1 Citizen

  • Asthma (Delayed Medical Attention):

    • 1 Citizen

  • Possibly not dead

    • 1 Citizen

  • Suicide:

    • 1 Citizen

  • Murder and Robbery of a Security Guard

    • 1 Citizen

 

 

CIDH – Deaths Not Directly Related to the Protests

Ref.

Name

Age

Date of Occurrence

Location

Context

54

Carlos Antonio Flores Ríos

19

4/22

Ciudad Sandino

Altercation Among Gangs

65

Yamil Ronaldo Obregón Bustos

47

5/02

El Castillo,

Río San Juan

Murder (Motivation Undetermined)

76

José Alfredo Leiva Chavarría

17

5/13

Managua

Altercation among Relatives/Neighbors

81

Carlos Abel Aguilar

25

5/14

Siuna

Home Invasion and Murder

82

José Andrés Pérez

33

5/14

Tipitapa

Murder (Motive Undetermined)

87

Erick William Espinoza Mendoza

49

5/16

Managua

Murder and Robbery of a Security Guard

90

Ezequiel Rivera Hernández

31

5/16

Siuna

Murder (Motivation Undetermined)

92

Bismark Enrique Chavarría

No Information

5/19

Managua

Murder and Theft

93

Benjamín Castillo Castillo

25

5/20

Managua

Traffic Accident

97

Jaime José Reyes Téllez

22

5/25

Managua

Altercation among Gangs

103

Alejandro Tomás Hernández Estrada

17

5/26

Managua

Property Conflict (Land Grabs)

104

Yader Castillo

No Information

5/26

Managua

Property Conflict (Land Grabs)

105

Rudy Chávez

No Information

5/27

Managua

Altercation among Gangs

113

Fredy Josué González

18

5/30

Managua

Murder and Motorcycle Theft

117

Víctor José Valerio López

No Information

5/30

Managua

Possibly still alive

127

Adolfo Enrique Castellón Arauz

27

6/02

Managua

Traffic Accident

138

Camilo Javier Valle Martínez

31

6/04

Managua

Murder and Motorcycle Theft

139

Marvin Solórzano Salinas

34

6/04

Managua

Murder and Taxi Theft

149

Bismarck Badilla López

25

6/07

Carazo

Suicide

150

Chris Montana

19

6/08

Managua

Murder and Motorcycle Theft

151

Víctor Cabrera García

39

6/09

Managua

Murder and Motorcycle Theft

158

Alejandro Enrique Cárcamo Gago

24

6/11

Managua

Accidental Firing of Firearm

163

Michael Alexander López Medina

No Information

6/12

Managua

Murder (Motivation Undetermined)

164

Roberto Pablo Corea Chávez

19

6/12

Managua

Murder and Motorcycle Theft

171

Lucas Antonio Sirias Pineda

No Information

6/13

León

Murder and Theft

181

Wilton Cornejo Peralta

No Information

6/14

Pantasma, Jinotega

Murder (Motivation Undetermined)

206

Cristian José Pineda

28

No information

León

Asthma (Delayed Medical Attention)

 

Subtracting the repeated names of citizens and the deaths not directly related to the protests, the list is now reduced to 176 people.

 

It is interesting to find the possibility of a dead person, identified in the list with reference number 117 and corresponding to the name "Víctor José Valerio López", who turns out to be the brother of a deceased involved in the protests, Jonathan Steven Valerio López (No. 44) and who was participating in the rallies for the death of his brother at the Jean Paul Genie rotonda.

 

The CIDH included in its list the death of 49 comrades murdered directly by the Opposition and, as indicated above with regard to the CENIDH list, here again there is a malicious inclusion that was made without determining the context in which they died, fomenting in the population, through the media propaganda, the unconscious idea that the actions and responsibilities of the opposition must be assumed by the State.

 

The names of the 44 people and context in which they were murdered correspond to:

 

CIDH – Murdered by the Opposition

Ref.

Name

Age

Date of Occurence

Location

Context

2

Hilton Rafael Manzanares Alvarado

33

4/19

Managua

National Police, re-establishing order.

3

Richard Bermúdez Pavón

17

4/19

Managua

Attack on the Tipitapa Municipality building.

33

Ángel Eduardo Gahona López

42

4/21

RACCN

Canal 6 Correspondent covering robberies.

34

Christian Emiliano Cárdenas

24

4/21

León

Burned inside of the CUUN, allegedly tortured

42

Ismael Josué Pérez Vílchez

32

4/22

Managua

Guarding a supermarket to avoid robbery.

48

Juana Francisca Aguilar Cano

19

4/22

Managua

National Police, re-establishing order.

53

Jimmy Jaime Paiz Barahona

53

4/22

León

Burned in Radio Darío event.

58

Roberto Carlos García Paladino

40

4/23

Managua

Guarding a supermarket to avoid robbery.

61

Apolonio Delgadillo

45

4/24

León

Burned in Radio Darío event.

73

Carlos Alberto Miranda

19

5/11

Managua

Attack on Objetivo Institucional, District IV

77

Jostán Abdel Gutiérrez Koock

26

5/13

Managua

Crashed into a governmental ‘Tree of Life’ which was knocked down by the opposition.

85

Wilder Reyes Hernández

36

5/15

Matagalpa

Attack on the Matagalpa Municipality building.

88

Holman Eliezer Zeledón

25

5/16

Matagalpa

Murdered while collaborating to take down the roadblocks.

89

José Alfredo Urroz Jirón

30

5/16

Matagalpa

Injured on his way home. The roadblocks did not allow the ambulances to pass.

96

Marlon José Orozco Largaespada

48

5/24

Managua

Murdered by people guarding the roadblocks in Iván Montenegro.

98

José David Oviedo

27

5/25

Managua

UNAN protesters confused him with a police and murdered him, then stole his motorcycle.

100

Cándida Rosa Herrera Rizo

60

5/26

Managua

Run over by a truck which participated in the opposition protest.

101

Jorge Gastón Palacios

30

5/26

Managua

Murdered by people guarding the roadblocks in El Quebracho, Boaco.

102

Keller Esteven Pérez Duarte

23

5/26

Managua

Tortured and murdered by protestors associated with Viper. Abandoned in El Plomo.

106

Douglas Mendiola Viales

25

5/28

Managua

National Police, re-establishing order.

109

Heriberto Maudiel Pérez Díaz

25

5/30

Managua

Murdered after participating in the Cantata a Las Madres.

118

Jairo Antonio Osorio

38

5/30

Estelí

Attacked in the FSLN Caravan headed to Managua.

120

Marvin Meléndez Linarte

No information

5/30

Chinandega

Attack on the Chinandega Municipality building.

122

Juan Alejandro Zepeda

18

5/31

Managua

Attack on the Chinandega Municipality building.

128

Sixto Henry Vera

48

6/02

Managua

Murdered by Viper’s group of protesters at the UPOLI

130

Eduardo José López Mendoza

22

6/02

Masaya

Possible National Police, Member of the Intelligence Division

134

Geovanny Miguel Reyes

27

6/02

Tipitapa

Injured while people guarding the roadblocks attacked citizens.

135

Carlos Evenor López Figueroa

22

6/02

Waslala

Injured for refusing to help put up a roadblock.

140

Salvador de Jesús Arévalo

33

6/04

Tipitapa

Murdered by people guarding roadblocks.

141

José Abraham Martínez

22

6/04

No information

Attack on the Masaya Delegation building.

147

César Oniel López Vega

25

6/07

Chinandega

Injured by people guarding the roadblocks.

159

Marco Antonio González Briseño

41

6/11

Managua

National Police Patrol

160

Dixon Bismarck Soza Enríquez

43

6/11

Mulukukú, Triángulo Minero

Attack on police post.

161

Carlos José Zamora Martínez

36

6/11

Mulukukú, Triángulo Minero

Attack on police post.

165

Ariel Ignacio Vivas

No Information

6/12

Managua

Murdered while collaborating to remove roadblocks.

166

Marcos Gutiérrez

No Information

6/12

Jinotepe, Carazo

Confrontation between people guarding roadblocks and the police.

167

Guillermo Méndez

No Information

6/12

Jinotepe, Carazo

Confrontation between people guarding roadblocks and the police.

169

Teodoro Ruíz

No Information

6/13

Villa Sandino, Chontales

Murdered in his home by people guarding the roadblocks. Afterwards they stole his gun.

173

Jean Kerry Luna Gutiérrez

29

6/14

Managua

National Police Patrol.

177

Marlon Javier Médina Toval

35

6/14

León

Murdered for refusing confiscation at a roadblock, motorcycle stolen.

180

Ulises Santiago Gogo

28

6/14

Bilwi

Attack on FSLN party building.

188

Francisco Ramón Arauz Pineda

No Information

6/16

No Information

Murdered, burned, and his corpse vandalized for helping to take down the roadblocks.

189

Antonio Fernandez

No Information

6/16

No Information

Murdered while collaborating to take down the roadblocks.

196

Eduardo Jessi Spiegler Szejmer

34

No Information

Managua

Crushed by a governmental ‘Tree of Life,’ which was knocked down by the opposition.

198

Kevin Antonio Cufi Reyes

21

No Information

Managua

Murdered after participating in the Cantata a Las Madres

199

Liliam Jaquelin Martínez

18

No Information

Managua

Pregnant woman died because the ambulance was retained at the roadblock.

201

Pánfila Alvarado Urbina

80

No Information

Managua

Old woman died because the ambulance couldn’t pass through the roadblocks.

209

Mauricio López Toruno

42

No Information

Estelí

Guarding a supermarket to avoid robbery.

212

Franklin Javier Mercado

No Information

No Information

No Information

Murdered by people guarding the road blocks. Possibly by Geovanny Miguel Reyes.

 

Excluding the repeated names, citizens that died for reasons unrelated to the protests and the comrades murdered by the opposition, the list is now reduced to 127 names.

 

In this list, there are 59 names without information in one or more boxes about age, date of death, and location. It is negligent to attribute these citizens’ deaths, whose information is inexact or whose cause of death is unknown, to the State. Nonetheless, information on the deaths of 22 of the 59 was obtained through this verification. In relation to the 37 remaining names of this group, there was not a single reference found for 28 of the names; they appear only in the CIDH list (and the majority are included later in the ANPDH list). There were nine citizens who had unverifiable causes of death. For this reason they make up the list of 37 names with insufficient information. All of these notes have references in the spreadsheet referred to at the beginning of this document.

 

At this point the list would have only 89 names, of which 38 correspond to citizens not involved in protests, bystanders, and victims of bullets with at protests or attacked but not related to the protests; and 52 citizens involved in the protests.

 

It is clear that the CIDH’s fieldwork was limited to receiving the opposition’s demands and its media, as the Chancellor Denis Moncada pointed out in his speech during the presentation of the Final Report before the Permanent Council of the Organization of American States (OAS): “The majority of the information sources cited by the CIDH come from agencies and media that is in opposition to the government, whose news is false and manipulated”.

 

Omissions by the CIDH

 

Of the list from the CIDH report, the deaths of 16 citizens were not included. The exclusion was made for unknown reasons and that only hints at the lack of research capacity of the CIDH team in Nicaragua. Of those 16 citizens, 11 were murdered by the opposition, two were protestors and three were not involved.

 

The omitted citizens from the list correspond to events related to the protest and are the following:

 

CIDH – Citizens Omitted from the List

Name

Age

Date of Occurrence

Location

Context

Abelino Guevara Obando

38

5/11

Siuna

National Police Patrol.

Humberto José Reyes Almanza

64

5/29

Nandaime

Traffic accident caused by a government billboard knocked down and left in the road by the opposition

Pablo Roberto León Torres

39

6/01

San Miguelito

Run over by a group of people guarding the roadblocks, of which he was a part of.

Kevin José Cruz Ruiz

23

6/9

Jinotepe

Traffic Accident caused by a roadblock.

Eyner Heriberto Espinoza Rugama

19

6/12

Jinotega

Murdered while helping to take down the roadblocks.

Hernaldo Sánchez Chavarría

--

6/13

Villa Sandino

Employee of Teodoro Ruiz (ref. 169), he was murdered with him.

Minor, son of Gabriela María Aguirre

25 days old

6/13

Masatepe

Ambulance held in the roadblock. He died of bronchoaspiration.

Nixia Hawkins Posly

15

6/14

Bilwi

Attack on FSLN party building.

Jhon Warren Men

18

6/15

Bilwi

Attack on FSLN party building.

Pablo Ramos Chavarría

21

6/17

Jinotega

Murdered while helping to take down the roadblocks.

Daysi Merari Cornejo Jarquín

32

6/18

Estelí

Fell from a motorcycle while being stoned by people guarding the road blocks.

Victor José Reyes

28

6/12

León

Injured during the protests, near the Police Delegation.

Alberto José Urroz Cárdenas

55

6/14

Nagarote

Went to see a confrontation and died.

José Antonio Cruz Solís

29

6/18

San Marcos

Injured while passing through a roadblock.

Francisco Ponce Flores

22

5/14

Sébaco

Injured while being held up in a roadblock.

Carlos Manuel Solís

No information

5/23

León

Confrontation between people guarding roadblocks and the police.

 

CIDH: Contextualization of the Deaths | Final Results of the Verification

 

From the Appendix “List of deaths in Nicaragua since the start of the protests (19 April-19 June 2018)” of the Final Report presented by the CIDH in which the Nicaraguan Government is judged to be responsible for the death of 212 citizens, the majority of the deaths have been contextualized, exactly 83% or 175 citizens. The remaining 17% (37 citizens) have insufficient information to determine the cause of death. From this review, the following variables are identified:
 

  • Repeated Names: 9 citizens

  • Deaths Not Directly Related to the Protests : 27 citizens

  • People murdered by the Opposition: 49 citizens

  • Demonstrators (protesters, opposition activists, people operating roadblocks): 52 citizens

  • Bystanders (not involved in the protests): 37 citizens

  • Names with insufficient data to determine context of deaths: 38 citizens

    • TOTAL: 212

 

About the ANPDH Report…

 

The ANPDH report considers the deaths that occurred between April 19th and June 25th, 2018, presenting a list of 285 deaths since the beginning of the protests. To date, it is the most "complete" report regarding the protests.

 

The inconsistencies and irregularities that were identified are the same as in the two previous reports (CENIDH and CIDH): duplicated deaths, decontextualized deaths and names without complete data (again some have no more than a pseudonym).

 

In relation to the duplicated deaths, 2 repeated citizens were detected corresponding to:

 

ANPDH - Repeated Names

Ref.

Name

Age

Date of Occurrence

Location

61

Donald Ariel López Ruíz

26

6/02

Masaya

68

El Mono (nickname)

Investigation in Progress

6/02

Masaya

 

 

 

 

 

41

Ismael Isaías Pérez Martínez

24

4/22

Chichigalpa

42

Ismael José Pérez Vílchez

32

4/22

Managua

 

 

The list is reduced to 283, In verifying the context in which citizens died, we find that at least 49 citizens died under circumstances unrelated to the protests directly, among which we include:

 

  • Murder (Motivation Unknown):

    • 9 citizens

  • Property Conflict (Land Grabs):

    • 8 Citizens

  • Murder and Vehicle/Motorcycle Theft:

    • 7 Citizens

  • Home Invasion and Murder:

    • 5 Citizens

  • Traffic Accident:

    • 4 Citizens

  • Murder and Theft:

    • 4 Citizens

  • Altercation Among Gangs:

    • 4 Citizens

  • Altercation Among Relatives/Neighbors:

    • 3 Citizens

  • Accidental Firing of Firearm:

    • 2 Citizens

  • Murder and Robbery of a Security Guard:

    • 1 Citizen

  • Asthma (Delayed Medical Attention):

    • 1 Citizen

  • Epilepsy (Delayed Medical Attention):

    • 1 Citizen

 

The following table identifies the circumstances in which each of the above citizens died:

 

ANPDH - Deaths Not Directly Related to the Protests

Ref.

Name

Age

Date of Occurence

Location

Context

3

Adolfo Enrique Castellón Arauz

27

6/02

Managua

Traffic Accident

6

Alejandro Enrique Cárcamo Gago

24

6/11

Managua

Accidental Firing of Firearm

14

Álvaro Gustavo Urroz González

31

6/14

Managua

Accidental Firing of Firearm

28

Carlos Abel Aguilar Solís

26

5/14

Siuna

Home Invasion and Murder

22

Benjamín Castillo Castillo

25

5/20

Managua

Traffic Accident

24

Bismark Enrique Chavarría Juárez

44

5/18

Managua

Murder and Theft

26

Camilo Javier Valle Martínez

31

6/03

Managua

Murder and Motorcycle Theft

30

Carlos Antonio Flores Ríos

17

4/22

Ciudad Sandino

Altercation Among Gangs

44

Christhoper Roberto Castillo Rosales

23

6/25

Jinotepe

Murder (Motivation Undetermined)

45

Cristhofer Antonio Orozco Alvarado

18

6/07

Managua

Murder and Motorcycle Theft

47

Cristhiam José Pineda Martínez

28

5/07

León

Asthma (Delayed Medical Attention)

58

Denís Jarquín

Investigation in Progress

5/17

Rosita

National Police. Property Conflict (Land Grabs).

74

Erick William Espinoza Mendoza

49

5/16

Managua

Murder and Robbery of a Security Guard

77

Ezequiel Hernández Rivera

41

5/15

Siuna

Murder (Motivation Undetermined)

79

Filemón Cruz González

78

5/08

Matagalpa

Murder (Motivation Undetermined)

81

Francisco Hurtado Sánchez

Investigation in Progress

6/25

Managua

Property Conflict (Land Grabs)

90

Fredy Josué González Olivas

18

5/29

Managua

Murder and Motorcycle Theft

97

Gregorio Orozco Gatica

85

6/22

Acoyapa

Home Invasion and Murder

101

Harold Daniel Ramírez Cerda

18

6/21

Managua

Home Invasion and Murder

108

Hickler Cano Tinoco

22

5/25

El Cuá, Jinotega

Murder (Motivation Undetermined)

115

Jaime José Reyes Téllez

22

5/25

Managua

Altercation among Gangs

135

José Luis Alemán Mendieta

16

5/29

Ciudad Sandino

Murder (Motivation Undetermined)

144

José Alfredo Leiva Chavarría

Investigation in Progress

5/12

Matagalpa

Altercation Among Relatives/Neighbors

150

José Andrés Pérez

33

5/14

Tipitapa

Murder (Motivation Undetermined)

159

Juan Carlos Arróliga Báez

40

5/24

Boaco

Altercation Among Relatives/Neighbors

162

Juan Carlos Mejía Moreno

17

5/30

Managua

Property Conflict (Land Grabs)

163

Juan Peralta

Investigation in Progress

5/17

Rosita

Property Conflict (Land Grabs)

164

Juan Eduardo Salinas Quintero

38

6/21

Managua

Assault and Motorcycle/Vehicle Theft

173

Kevin Alexander González

16

6/21

Ciudad Sandino

Home Invasion and Murder

176

Layhani Nohelia Real Sánchez

11

6/22

Nagarote

Epilepsy (Delayed Medical Attention)

182

Lucas José Sirias Pineda

31

6/13

León

Murder and Theft

199

Marvin Loáisiga

Investigation in Progress

6/12

Mulukukú

Home Invasion and Murder

201

Marvin Antonio Solórzano Salina

34

6/04

Managua

Murder and Taxi Theft

207

Michael Alexander López Medina

25

6/12

Managua

Murder (Motivation Undetermined)

224

Pedro Rostrán Meza

18

6/09

Managua

Altercation Among Gangs

227

Reynaldo Jarquín

Investigation in Progress

5/17

Rosita

Property Conflict (Land Grabs)

229

Roberto Carlos Balladares Casco

32

6/18

Managua

Altercation Among Relatives/Neighbors

230

Roberto Pablo Corea Chávez

23

6/12

Managua

Murder and Motorcycle Theft

232

Ruddy David Chávez Sánchez

21

5/27

Managua

Altercation Among Gangs

237

Sixto Jarquín

Investigation in Progress

5/17

Rosita

Property Conflict (Land Grabs)

239

Socorro González Arauz

55

6/12

Rosita

Traffic Accident

241

Terencio Isaías Escorcia

25

6/20

Matagalpa

Murder and Theft

243

Tomás Alejandro Estrada Hernández

19

5/25

Managua

Property Conflict (Land Grabs)

247

Valeria Rodríguez

19

6/24

León

Traffic Accident

248

Victor Manuel Bello Bonilla

56

5/30

Rivas

Murder and Theft

249

Víctor Genaro Cabrera García

39

6/09

Managua

Murder and Motorcycle Theft

256

Wilton Cornejo Peralta

18

6/14

Pantasma, Jinotega

Murder (Motivation Undetermined)

258

Yader Castillo

Investigation in Progress

5/25

Managua

Property Conflict (Land Grabs)

260

Yamil Ronaldo Obregón Bustos

47

4/30

El Castillo,

Río San Juan

Murder (Motivation Undetermined)

 

With the information from the Deaths Not Related Directly to Protests, the list is reduced to 234 people.

 

As the other bodies (CENIDH and CIDH) have done, ANPDH also included in its list the death of comrades murdered by the Opposition, which is how the list of 60 people directly murdered by the opposition was calculated.

 

The names and context in which the 60 people were murdered are listed here:

 

ANPDH – Murdered by the Opposition

Ref.

Name

Age

Date of Occurrence

Location

Context

1

Abelino Guevara Obando

38

5/11

Siuna

National Police Patrol

16

Ángel Eduardo Gahona López

42

4/21

Bluefields

Canal 6 Correspondent covering robberies.

17

Antonio Fernández

Investigation in Progress

6/16

Managua

Murdered while helping to take down the roadblocks.

18

Apolonio Díaz Delgadillo

Investigation in Progress

4/20

León

Burned in Radio Darío event.

19

Ariel Ignacio Vivas

27

6/12

Managua

Murdered while helping to take down the roadblocks.

27

Cándida Rosa Herrera Rizo

62

5/26

Managua

Run over by a truck which participated in the opposition protest.

31

Carlos Alberto Miranda

19

5/11

Managua

Institutional Attack on District VI

34

Carlos Evenor López Figueroa

22

6/02

Waslala

Injured for refusing to help put up a roadblock.

37

Carlos José Zamora Martínez

36

6/11

Mulukukú, Triángulo Minero

Attack on police post.

38

Carolina de los Ángeles Collado Delgadillo

40

6/23

Masaya

Murdered while helping to take down the roadblocks.

41

César Oniel López Vega

22

6/06

Chinandega

Injured by people guarding the roadblocks.

43

Christiam Emiliano Cadenas

23

4/20

León

Burned inside of the CUUN, allegedly tortured

57

Daysi Merari Cornejo Jarquín

32

6/18

Estelí

Fell from a motorcycle while being stoned by people guarding the road blocks.

59

Dixon Bismarck Soza Enríquez

43

6/11

Mulukukú

Attack on police post.

62

Douglas Mendiola Viales

26

5/28

Managua

National Police, re-establishing order.

66

Eduardo Jessi Spiegler Szejmer

34

5/16

Managua

Crushed by a governmental ‘Tree of Life,’ which was knocked down by the opposition.

64

Eduardo José López Mendoza

37

6/02

Masaya

Possible National Police, Member of the Intelligence Division

76

Eyner Heriberto Espinoza Rugama

32

6/12

Jinotega

Murdered while helping to take down the roadblocks.

80

Francisco Ramón Arauz Pineda

54

6/16

Managua

Murdered, burned, and his corpse vandalized for helping to take down the roadblocks.

88

Franklin Javier Mercado

35

6/02

Tipitapa

Murdered by people guarding the road blocks. Possibly by Geovanny Miguel Reyes.

95

Giovanny Miguel Reyes

28

6/02

Tipitapa

Injured while people guarding the roadblocks attacked citizens.

98

Guillermo Méndez

Investigation in Progress

6/12

Jinotepe

Confrontation between police and the people guarding the road blocks.

105

Heriberto Maudiel Pérez Díaz

25

5/30

Managua

Murdered after participating in the Cantata a Las Madres

107

Hernaldo Sánchez Chavarría

Investigation in Progress

6/13

Villa Sandino

Employee of Teodoro Ruiz (ref. 169), murdered together.

109

Hilton Rafael Manzanares Alvarado

33

4/19

León

National Police, re-establishing order.

110

Holman Eliezer Zeledón

26

5/16

Matagalpa

Murdered while helping to take down the roadblocks.

113

Ismael Josué Pérez Vílchez

32

4/22

Managua

Guarding a supermarket to avoid theft.

117

Jairo Antonio Osorio Raudales

39

5/30

Estelí

Attacked in the FSLN Caravan headed to Managua.

120

Jean Kerry Luna Gutiérrez

29

6/14

Managua

National Police Patrol

130

Jhon Warren Men

18

6/15

Bilwi

Attack on FSLN party building.

125

Jimmy Jaime Paiz Barahona

53

4/20

León

Burned in Radio Darío event.

133

Jorge Gastón Palacios Vargas

30

5/26

Boaco

Murdered by people guarding the roadblocks in El Quebracho, Boaco.

137

José Abraham Martínez

21

6/03

Masaya

Attack on the Masaya Delegation building.

157

José Alfredo Urroz Jirón

29

5/16

Matagalpa

Injured on his way home. The roadblocks did not allow the ambulances to pass.

149

José David Oviedo

27

5/25

Managua

UNAN protesters confused him with a police and murdered him, then stole his motorcycle.

158

Jostán Abdel Gutiérrez Koock

26

5/13

Managua

Crashed into a governmental ‘Tree of Life’ which was knocked down by the opposition.

165

Juan Alejandro Zepeda Gastón

18

5/30

Chinandega

Attack on the Chinandega Municipality building.

166

Juana Francisca Aguilar Cano

19

4/21

Managua

National Police, re-establishing order.

170

Keller Esteven Pérez Duarte

23

5/23

Managua

Tortured and murdered by protestors connected to El Viper; abandoned at Cuesta El Plomo.

171

Kevin Antonio Coffin Reyes

22

5/30

Managua

Murdered after participating in the Cantata a Las Madres

181

Liliam Jaqueline Martínez Valerio

18

5/17

Boaco

Pregnant woman died because the ambulance was retained at the roadblock.

188

Marcos Antonio González Briseño

41

6/11

Managua

National Police Patrol

189

Marcos Gutiérrez Acevedo

Aprox. 60

6/12

Jinotepe

Confrontation between people guarding roadblocks and the police.

196

Marlon Javier Medina Toval

37

6/15

Quezalguaque

Murdered for refusing confiscation at a roadblock, motorcycle stolen.

197

Marlon José Orozco Largaespada

48

5/25

Managua

Murdered by people guarding the roadblocks in Iván Montenegro.

202

Marvyn José Meléndez Nuñez

49

5/30

El Viejo

Attack on the Chinandega Municipality building.

203

Mauricio Ramón López Toruño

42

5/30

Estelí

Guarding a supermarket to avoid theft.

213

Nitzia Hackins Polly

15

6/14

Bilwi

Attack on FSLN party building.

285

Son of Gabriela María Aguirre

25 days

6/13

Masatepe

The roadblocks did not allow the ambulance to pass.

222

Pablo Ramos Chavarría

21

6/17

Jinotega

Murdered while helping to take down the roadblocks.

221

Pablo Roberto León Torres

39

6/01

El Tule, San Miguelito

Run over by a group of people guarding the roadblocks, of which he was a part of.

223

Pánfila Alvarado Urbina

80

5/24

Boaco

Old woman died because the ambulance couldn’t pass through the roadblocks.

228

Richard Eduardo Pavón Bermúdez

17

4/19

Managua

Attack on the Tipitapa Municipality building.

231

Roberto Carlos García Paladino

40

4/23

Managua

Guarding a supermarket to avoid robbery.

234

Salvador de Jesús Arévalo

Investigation in Progress

6/04

Tipitapa

Murdered by people guarding the roadblocks.

238

Sixto Henry Vera

48

6/02

Managua

Murdered by Viper’s group of protesters at the UPOLI

240

Teodoro Andrés Ruíz Gámez

52

6/13

Villa Sandino, Chontales

Murdered in his home by people guarding the roadblocks. Afterwards they stole his gun.

246

Ulises Santiago Gogo

29

6/14

Bilwi

Attack on the FSLN party building.

253

Wilder David Reyes Hernández

36

5/15

Matagalpa

Attack on the Matagalpa Municipality building.

262

Zaira Julissa López

Investigation in Progress

6/25

Nagarote

National Police,

Taking down the Roadblocks

 

Excluding the duplicated names, the citizens that died for reasons not associated directly with the protests and the comrades murdered by the opposition, the list is reduced to 174 names.

 

One particularity of the ANPDH list is that it included 23 unidentified citizens, who supposedly have photos, journalistic notes, and/or documentary evidence, which were not included in the Preliminary Report. From the verification, a minor (reference number 285) was identified who died from bronchial aspiration after presenting respiratory problems in an ambulance that was stopped at a roadblock in Masatepe.

 

On the list, there are a minimum of 102 names with blank boxes and/or listed under “investigation” in one or more boxes referring to identification, age, cause of death, location and date. From the verification process, 53 of the 102 citizens on the list were found to have incomplete information. In relation to the 49 remaining from this group, there was no reference to determine the cause of the death. So, there are 49 names with incomplete data on the list. These notes are all included in the spreadsheet.

 

At this point the list would have only 103 names, of which 45 are of citizens not involved in protests; bystanders, victims of bullets with at protests or attacked but not related to the protests; and 58 citizens involved directly in protests.

 

Omissions by the ANPDH

 

From the ANPDH list, the death of 5 citizens were not included for unknown reasons.

 

The citizens omitted from the list are the following:

 

ANPDH – Citizens Omitted from the List

Name

Age

Date of Occurence

Location

Context

Francisco Flores Ponce

22

5/14

Sébaco

Injured while being held up at a roadblock.

Humberto José Reyes Almanza

64

5/29

Nandaime

Traffic accident caused by a government billboard knocked down and left in the road by the opposition.

Kevin José Cruz Ruiz

23

6/09

Jinotepe

Traffic Accident caused by a roadblock.

Carlos Manuel Sandino Hernández

39

4/21

Masaya

Injured while walking. He was not participating in the protests.

Gilberto Urroz

55

6/14

Nagarote

Injured while performing a procession in the city.

 

ANPDH: Contextualization of the Deaths | Final result of the verification

From the Preliminary Report “Nicaraguan Citizens Killed in Civic Protest as a Human Rights and Executed by Armed Groups (Paramilitary or Shock Forces) for the period: 4/19/2018 to 6/25/2018. (66 calendar days)," the ANPDH attributes the Nicaraguan Government the responsibility of 285 citizens’ deaths. We have been able to contextualize the majority, 75%, or 214 of the deaths, and the remaining 25% (71 citizens) have insufficient or incorrect information to be able to determine the cause of death. From this review, the following variables are identified:

  • Repeated Names: 2 citizens

  • Deaths Not Directly Related to Protests: 49 citizens

  • People murdered by the Opposition: 60 citizens

  • Demonstrators (protestors, opposition activists, people operating roadblocks…): 58 citizens

  • Bystanders (not involved in protests): 45 citizens

  • Names with insufficient information to determine context of deaths: 71 citizens.

    • TOTAL: 285

 

 

The Triad and Their Formula

 

The three lists up until June 25th offer an accumulated total of 293 dead citizens. However, as this report points out that, that figure by no mean implies total responsibility on the part of the government. By contextualizing each case, they can be segregated in the following way:

 

  • Deaths Not Directly Related to the Protests : 51 citizens

  • Murdered by the Opposition: 60 citizens

  • Demonstrators (protesters, opposition activists, people operating roadblocks...): 59 citizens

  • Bystanders (not involved in the protests): 46 citizens

  • Names with insufficient information to determine context of deaths: 77 citizens.

    • TOTAL: 293

 

 

 

As is clear from this untangling of the data, the human rights organizations have monopolized the deaths of citizens and share the same variables so as to inflate the lists of the dead. Looking at the way the lists are configured, the average inflation rate is 53% as regards the real number of victims of the protests. That percentage can be disaggregated as follows : 3% repeated names; 20% deaths not directly related to the protests; and 30% cases with incomplete, imprecise or non-existent data.

 

The formula one might use to define the estimate quantity increasing a list of dead people would be as follows:

 

RVP + RN + DNDR + IIND = Inflated list of deaths blamed on the government

 

Where,

 

RVP = Real victims of the protests (Demonstrators + People murdered by the opposition + Bystanders not involved in the protests)

RN = Repeated names (RVP * 03%)

DNDR = Deaths not directly related to the protests (RVP * 20%)

IIND = Names with incomplete, imprecise or non-existent data (RVP * 30%)

 

The need to increase the deaths and include them in the context of the protests is related to the specific objective of stoking peoples emotions so as to create discord and delegitimize the government

 

The equation is used so as to obtain a speculative number and on that basis to inflate the list of people dead using numbers readily manipulated according to the criteria of each organization.

 

and that is how one inflates a list of the dead so as to discredit a government.

 

July 8th, 2018

Enrique Hendrix